Professional cleaning involves the removal of plaque and calculus. Plaque is a thin layer of film that forms on the teeth. It is consists of bacteria from food and saliva. The bacteria in plaque, if left un-mended, eats away at the enameled surface of خرید لایت کیور دندانپزشکی the oral and may cause oral decay, inflammation of the gums, periodontitis (gum disease), and even oral loss. When plaque has been left on the teeth and hardens, it becomes calculus, which forms on the teeth and gum above the gum line. Calculus can only be removed using professional dental instruments.
Professional cleanings may be done by a dentist or Registered Dental Hygienist (RDA). A Dental Assistant may also be present during your appointment. During routine cleanings, dentists do not use any invasive tools such as drills, and there is nothing to be nervous about. The treatment should only take around thirty minutes, and may are the following:
Scaling: Your dentist or hygienist will use a dental scaler and other hand-held instruments to gently remove plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth. The deposits will be carefully scraped off the teeth, and washed and suctioned away with an air-water syringe.
Oral polishing: The removal of unsightly stains and plaque that was not removed during scrubbing or scaling. The dentist or RDA will likely use an ultrasonic instrument that moves continually in circular activities to remove the stains. This might make a slight “tickling” sensation, but should not be uncomfortable. The air-water syringe will be used to suction away excess saliva and water. If there is a lot of plaque and tartar build-up, the polishing may take longer than normal. After the polishing, one’s teeth in most cases have a smooth, clean feeling.
Root planning: Root planning may be necessary if gums have either begun to recede or if calculus has built up around the roots of the teeth. Much like with scaling, ultrasonic instruments will be used to remove plaque and debris from the teeth, providing a deep cleansing effect.
Application of fluoride: After the cleaning is complete, the dentist or RDA gives you a fluoride treatment. Fluoride foam or gel is applied topically to the teeth, usually for approximately twenty five seconds. Sometimes it is made available to the sufferer as a rinse, which the patient would swish around in their mouth like mouthwash and then spit out. The fluoride helps to strengthen and protect one’s teeth from cavities and decay. The dentist will ask you not to eat or drink anything immediately after the fluoride treatment has been applied.
It is a good idea to book an appointment for a professional dental cleaning every six months as a deterrent measure. Plaque and tartar build-up will be carefully stripped away from your teeth, providing them with a deeper clean than just scrubbing and flossing. It will also give you a way to touch base with your dentist about any oral health concerns you may have, and to nip and potential problems in the bud early on.